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COMPELLING
-- 294 and counting --
SPELLING REASONS
for
EXPANDING
THE WESTERN WRITING SCRIPT

The following reasons are organized by the order of phonograms as identified in the Folk Phonogramorama: Ach! fair Juno, wise bowed hag, shape the thought coil meas'ring each of us.

[NEED AN EXPLANATION FOR PRESENCE OF EYEHANDS HERE.]


proposing the art gram (number 01) image of the art gram to replace the 13 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "Ach" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 a| in father Nazi drama bat pecan
British: (as above and in) after (etc)
2ae| Scottish: gaelic
3 ah| ah! dahlia mitzvah
4 al| calm almond
British: salve
5 ar| British: art harmony far
6 are| British: are
7 arre| British: bizarre
8 as| bas-relief
9 au| British: laugh
10 e| entente
11 er| British: Derbyshire
12 ua| guard
13 uar| British: guard

Commentary: this is the phone which is still one of the two general continental European pronunciations of the alphabetic letter a, qv the Ache gram, and the Up gram, inherited from the Greek alphabet, via the Etruscan and Latin scripts where it has the same value.


proposing the och gram (number 02) image of the och gram to replace the 2 alternate ways the phone, bolded in "Ach" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 ch| in Sassenach
(Scots): loch
(German): Bach
2 kh| (Arabic transcription): Khomeni

Commentary:


proposing the foe gram, (number 03) image of the foe gram to replace the 8 alternate ways the phone, bolded in "fair" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 f| in flourishing
2 fe| life
3 ff| effort suffer off
4 ft| soften often
5 gh| rough enough laugh
6 pf| German: pfennig
7 ph| phenomena philosophy
8 u| British: lieutenant

Commentary:


proposing the aired gram (number 04) image of the aired gram to replace the 11 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "aired" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1a|inidea various scarcely
2ai|air repair
3air| British: air repair
4 ar| British: various scarcely
5 are|British: aware hare
6e|ere
7ea|bear year
8ear|British: bear year
9 eir|British: their
10ere| British: where ere
11 re|here

Commentary:


proposing the jaw gram (number 05) image of the jaw gram to replace the 8 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "juno" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1d|ingraduate verdure soldier educate drive
2ch|British: spinach
3dg|judge gadget badger
4dj|adjective
5g|genesis magic energy origin
British: goal Gillian gill
6ge|strange barge singe
7gg|suggest
8j|just judge

Commentary:


proposing the ooze gram (number 06) image of the ooze gram to replace the 13 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "juno" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1au|in beauty
2eu|pseudonym rheumatism
3ew| grew view new
4 ieu| American: lieutenant
5 o| to do movement lose
6 oe| shoe
7 oo| too food boon root
8 ou| group route wound
9 ough| through
10 u| luminous cruel rumor vacuum American: buoy
11 ue| true sue
12 w| British: new
13 wo| two

Commentary:


proposing the knee gram (number 07) image of the knee gram to replace the 7 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "juno" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 gn| in align sovereign sign gnat gnaw gnome gnosis gnu
2 kn| know knight
3 mn| mnemonic
4 n| never eternal even
5 ne| humane
6 nn| millennium cannibal
7 pn| pneumatic

Commentary:


proposing the oat gram (number 08) image of the oat gram to replace the 10 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "juno" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 ew| in sew
2 o| old strove hope open holy
3 oa| roaming oat approach
4 oe| goes foe
5 ol| folk
6 oo| brooch
7 ou| mould soul
8 ough| though
9 ow| grow own follow bow
10 owe| owe

Commentary:


proposing the win gram (number 09) image of the win gram to replace the 13 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "wise" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 a| in importance moral radiance
2 ar| inward
3 e| present influence
4 ia| special
5 ie| ancient
6 io| vision
7 o| Europe fathom choir
8 oo| good look
9 ou| various
10 oul| could would
11 u| full distinguish queen assuage genius suave suede
12 w| wish aware twenty
13 wh| whether whisper when white

Commentary:


proposing the eyed gram (number 10) image of the eyed gram to replace the 12 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "wise" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 ais| in aisle
2 ei| either
3 eigh| height
4 i| strive time kind
5 ie| denied die
6 ig| sign
7 igh| mighty thigh
8 is| isle
9 uy| buy
10 ui| guide beguile
11 y| flying my type thy sky cycle
12 ye| lye bye dye

Commentary:


proposing the zoo gram (number 11) image of the zoo gram to replace the 7 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "wise" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 es| in hides besides
2 s| optimism is cosmic stars bosom
3 se| those oppose rise nose
4 ss| dissolve
5 z| ozone zealous zoo
6 ze| realize size blaze adze
7 zz| quizzical sizzling gizzard

Commentary:


proposing the bay gram (number 12) image of the bay gram to replace the 3 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "bowed" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 b| in best obdurate cob alphabet
2 bb| cabbage bubble
3 pb| Campbell (see also the may gram ex.7 mp|)

Commentary:


proposing the owl gram (number 13) image of the owl gram to replace the 5 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "bowed" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 au| in German:auf
2 ou| out doubt foundation mouth
3 ough| slough bough
4 ow| allow bow
5 owe| bowed

Commentary:


proposing the dough gram (number 14) image of the dought gram to replace the 6 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "bowed" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 bd| in bdellium
2 d| delicate
3 dd| madder
4 ed| fined
5 ld| could would
6 tt| some American: matter

Commentary:


proposing the who gram (number 15) image of the who gram to replace the 4 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "hag" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1g|inSpanish name: George
2 gh| Irish name: Calaghan
3 h| happy perhaps aha
4 wh| who whore whole

Commentary:


proposing the ash gram (number 16) image of the ash gram to replace the 4 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "hag" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 a| in abstain have axe
2 al| salmon salve
3 i| meringue
4 ua| guarantee

Commentary:


proposing the go gram (number 17) image of the go gram to replace the 7 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "hag" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 ckg| in blackguard
2 g| signify dogmatic gig dog
3 gg| wriggle wagging
4 gh| ghostly aghast
5 tg| mortgage (see also the all gram ex. ort|)
6 gu| beguile guest
7 gue| vague league

Commentary:


proposing the share gram (number 18) image of the share gram to replace the 9 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "shape" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 c| in ancient special gracious
2 ch| crochet
3 s| sure insurance
4 sci| conscious omniscient
5 sch| schwa
6 sh| wish fashioning shut
7 ss| assured issued
8 t| elation salvation initiate
9 xi| crucifixion

Commentary:


proposing the ache gram (number 19) image of the ache gram to replace the 13 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "shape" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1a| in age save radiant maniac
2 ae| British gaelic see also
3 ah| British: dahlia
4 ai| trait claim aim
5 ao| British: gaol
6 au| gauge
7 ay| lay way
8 é| passé déja vu
9 ea| great
10 ei| reign
11 eigh| eight sleigh
12 et| crochet
13 ey| they convey

Commentary:


proposing the paw gram (number 20) image of the paw gram instead of the 3 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "shape" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 p| in paint impede lip pump tempt
2 pe| hope
3 pp| oppose: stripped appropriate

Commentary:


proposing the thy gram (number 21) image of the thy gram instead of the 1 way this phone,
bolded in "the" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 th| in there thy with other hither fathom smother farthing bother

Commentary:


proposing the erg gram (number 22) image of the erg gram instead of the 16 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "the" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 a| in attempt dogma
2 ar| similar
3 e| intellectual
4 ear| earthly research
5 eo| burgeoning
6 er| under permanent
7 err| deterred err
8 ir| circle birth irked
9 or| work mirror American: rumor
10 ough| thorough
11 our| journey
English: rumour
12 re| ogre
13 u| suppose upon
14 ur| turn occur
15 ure| nature
16 urr| occurred

Commentary:


proposing the thigh gram (number 23) image of the thigh gram instead of the 2 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "thought" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.>

1 th| in depth thing truth thigh
2 fth| twelfth

Commentary:


proposing the all gram (number 24) image of the all gram instead of the 21 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "thought" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

d
1 a| in all also call false water salt
2 al| walk talk
3 ag| Magdalene (colleges in Oxford and Cambridge, England)
4 ah| mahlstick
5 a(r)| rewa(r)d wa(r) qua(r)ter
6 au| cause autonomy pauper English: maudlin auk
7 augh| caught
8 augha| Maughan Vaughan
9 aw| drawn saw awl jackdaw bawd hawk
10 awe| awe
11 hau| exhaust
12 oa(r)| oa(r) boa(r) roa(r) boa(r)der broa(r)d
13 oe(r)| boe(r)
14 oo(r)|oo(r) floo(r) boo(r)
15 o(r)| fo(r)ce o(r)der mo(r)tal no(r) fo(r)bear
16 o(re)| o(re) co(re) bo(re) fo(re)head
17 ort| mortgage (see also the go gram 5th example tg)
18 ou(r)| cou(r)se fou(r) mou(r)n sou(r)ce
19 ough| thought fought
20 ure| assure
21 wor| sword (see also the sigh gram example 10 sw)

Commentary:


proposing the too gram (number 25) image of the too gram instead of the 8 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "thought" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 bt| in doubt debt
2 cht| yacht
3 ed| based ranked
4 ght| night height ought aught
5 t| time intimate tent
6 th| thyme Theresa Thomas English: Anthony
7 tt| English: matter attention utter
8 pt| ptarmigan pterodactyl

Commentary:


proposing the cow gram (number 26) image of the cow gram instead of the 9 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "coil" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 c| in common core ritualistic acted
2 cc| occur accomplish
3 ch| character technique scheme school chameleon
4 ck| thick mock
5 g| strength
6 k| sketching kin task
7 q| quest quick
8 qu| quay quart mosquito
9 que| technique unique obliquely

Commentary:


proposing the oil gram (number 27) image of the oil gram instead of the 3 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "coil" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 oi| in spoiL foible coin
2 oy| boy envoy employ
3 uoy| English: buoy

Commentary:


proposing the law gram (number 28) image of the law gram instead of the 3 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "coil" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

>
1 l| in life oleander parcel
2 le| role
3ll| allow spell

Commentary:


proposing the may gram (number 29) image of the may gram instead of the 7 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "mea'sringl" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 lm| in calm
2 m| magnify moment
3 mb| dumb lamb womb comb
4 me| time extreme
5 mm| communion immense
6 mn| solemn column damn autumn
7 mp| Campbell (see also the bay gram example 3 pb)

Commentary:


proposing the edge gram (number 30) image of the edge gram instead of the 8 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "mea'sringl" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 a| in anyone many
2 ai| said
3 e| ever well: element
4 ea| endeavor spread deaf head
5 ei| leisure
6 eo| leopard
7 ie| friend
8 u| bury

Commentary:


proposing the gigue gram (number 31) image of the gigue gram instead of the 6 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "mea'sring" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 c| in physician
2 g| gigue
3 ge| fuselage rouge
4 j| ja vu, jongleur
5 s| division Asia conclusion pleasure
6 z| azure

Commentary:


proposing the rue gram (number 32) image of the rue gram instead of the 5 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "mea'sring" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

re|
1 r| in enrich rabid temporal
2 rare hare
3 rh| rheumatic
4 rr| torrent
5 wr| wretched wright

Commentary:


proposing the itch gram (number 33) image of the itch gram instead of the 10 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "mea'sring" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 a| in menace savage language
2 e| effect knowledge peculiar England
3 ei| sovereign foreign
4 eo| pigeon
5 i| gives in
6 ie| varied
7 o| women
8 u| vacuum
9 ui| building biscuit
10 y| yet mystical system energy

Commentary:


proposing the ink gram (number 34) image of the ink gram instead of the 3 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "mea'sring" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 ng| in long young clinging
2 n| conquering angle English think function
3 ngue| tongue meringue

Commentary:


proposing the eve gram (number 35) image of the eve gram instead of the 11 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "each" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 ae| in encyclopaedia
2 ay| quay
3 e| these she ego extreme
4 ea| mean treated
5 ee| seek freedom devotee
6 ei| obeisance seized either (see also the eyed gram ex. 2)
7 eo| people
8 i| elite
9 ie| achieve believer shield
10 oe| foetus foetid
11 y| American: buoy

Commentary:


proposing the chew gram (number 36) image of the chew gram instead of the 4 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "each" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

cello
1 c| in
2 ch| which chain teacher
3 t| nature ritual question
4 tch| match wretched

Commentary:


proposing the odd gram (number 37) image of the odd gram instead of the 6 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "mea'sringl" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 a| in what wanton wad was
2 au| because American: pauper
3 ho| honor
4 o| from orient not off on often
5 ou| cough
6 ow| knowledge

Commentary:


proposing the vow gram (number 38) image of the vow gram instead of the 4 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "of" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 f| in of
2 v| very convince
3 ve| cave
4 vv| savvy

Commentary:


proposing the up gram (number 39) image of the up gram instead of the 4 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "us" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 o| in some mother other love thorough tongue
2 ou| trouble touch
3 ough| borough thorough
4 u| utmost under must study utter

Commentary:


proposing the sigh gram (number 40) image of the sigh gram instead of the 10 alternate ways the phone,
bolded in "us" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

1 c| in certain percent accent
2 ce| force once
3 ps| psychology psalm
4 s| sing awesome praxis
5 sc| science discipline
6 sch| schism
7 se| immerse
8 ss| possible crass message
9 st| American: hostler
10 sw| sword (see also the all gram ex. 21 wor|)

Commentary:


proposing the Über gram (number 41) image of the Über gram instead of the other ways the phone,
bolded in "Über" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

Commentary:


proposing the re gram (number 42) image of the re gram instead of the other ways the phone,
bolded in "re" and in the example words below, can currently be spelt.

Commentary:


phonogram number: 43 the ridden gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone d , as in "ridden", should have a gram to itself Commentary:
phonogram number: 44 the written gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone t , as in "written", should have a gram to itself Commentary:
phonogram number: 45 the --- gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone ' , as in "acne", should have a gram to itself (glottal stop) Commentary:
phonogram number: 46 the ire gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone 5 , as in "fire", should have a gram to itself Commentary:
phonogram number: 47 the lure gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone Q , as in "lure", should have a gram to itself Commentary:
phonogram number: 48 the gee gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone , as in "gee up", should have a gram to itself the lateral click Commentary:
phonogram number: 49 the tat gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone f , as in "tch, tch", or "tat-tat" should have a gram to itself There is one major spelling reason, for English speakers, why this phone needs a gram to itself and that is because there is really no way of writing it. When it is indicated in the dialog of a play, for example, unless the director knows what these orthographies mean to indicate, we hear the actors using such unfamiliar words as "TY$ TY$" or "T1T T1T". the alveolar click Commentary:
phonogram number: 50 the ___ gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone & , as in "________", should have a gram to itself prepare the lips to say O while pronouncing 6 Commentary:
phonogram number: 51 the ___ gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone O/ , as in "________", should have a gram to itself prepare the lips to say O, or 4, while pronouncing ] Commentary:
phonogram number: 52 the ___ gram - compelling spelling reasons why the phone __ , as in "________", should have a gram to itself Polish phone Commentary:\f
printed July 15, 1990. Last worked on March 1996; July 1990.
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