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Prakrti, Primal-Material-Nature.
Alternate meanings: {Productive-Urge}.
[to Whom the fourth day of July, day 185, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Hindustani. Especially associated with the Samkhya philosophical system founded by the sage Kapila who probably lived during the 7th century BCE.
Linguistic Note: the prefix pra- indicates a natural pro-cess or urge; -krti in this context has both an active and a passive sense, producing and produced. It is as much action as function. Or: probably from Sanskrit prakrita, 'original, natural, unrefined, vulgar, vernacular'; f. pra-, 'before', and -kri, 'make'. Derived word: prakrit, general name for vernacular dialects developed from Sanskrit. Related English words: our pre-fixes pro-, pre- and para- are all related to pra; create and creature are related to Kri.
Description: Creator, Preserver, Destroyer; Primordial material force; the Power of manifestation; the Urge to produce; She Who is the immanent quality of productivty; Goddess of the cosmic will in the evolutionary process; active Female principle through which the inactive male principle of the cosmos is manifested, together they constitute Nature and its dual function of generation and destruction which are of necessity interdependent; Ultimate cause of the world; She Who is Nartaki, the cosmic dancer.
To whom are sacred: Pradhana, primary, or crude matter (with which She is equated); dance (of dynamism).
Male associate: consort Purusa, Mankind, (man, male) - the inactive male principle of the cosmos; also called Prajapati, Lord-of-Creation.

Sources: Funk & Wagnall SDMFL 884; Stutley HDH 142, 229-30, 238, 264.
Viraj, Ruling-Far-and-Wide.

Alternate meanings: Universal-Sovereign', Supremely-Preeminent.
Geography/Culture: Hindustani.
Linguistic note: the basic meaning is universality.
Description: Divine Shehe by Whom all things, celestial and terrestial, transcendent and transient, were engendered; Shehe Who represents the differentiation of the gross elements in the process of evolution; Shehe Whose eye controls the world; Bright cosmic potency; Life force; Vital force; Introducer of agriculture and the use of grain for the benefit of mankind.
To Whom are sacred: grain; the viraj metre (four ten-syllable lines, or eight five-syllable lines -- cosmic order with co-existance and amity are specially associated with this metre, it is mystically equated with food, hence invocations should be made in this metre when sustenance is the object of attainment.)
Male associate: son/father -- from Her Purusa was born; from Purusa She was born. Source: Stutley HDH 334-5.
printed July 1990 -- worked on July 1990; August 1991; June 1995.
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