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Ganga, Swift-Goer.
[to Whom the ninth day of June, day 160, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Hindustani. She is mentioned in the Rig Vedas.
Linguistic Note: from gam, going.
Description: Goddess of the sacred river {of life}; Mother of rivers; Bestower of health, happiness, fertility and material wealth; Absolver of guilt; Saviour from the ordeal of reincarnation; Eponym of the river Ganges.
Seeing, touching or drining Her waters, or addressing the Goddess with the words: "O Mother Ganga", will remove all sin. All who bathe in Ganga will obtain Svarga, heaven.
To Whom Sacred: lotus; fish; turtle; the river Ganges; Gangajala (the water of the Ganges used when administering oaths); Gangaksetra (the land through which Ganga flows and a specified area on either bank -- those who die within these limits go immediately to the heavenly world no matter what their deeds); the Milky Way Galaxy; crown; lute; the color white; makara (Her vahana, a mythical crocodile-like aquatic beast).
Iconography: In South India She is sometimes represented as a mermaid swimming in water with folded hands, wearing a crown, and bearing on Her forehead the saiva mark in sacred ashes. In Bengal She is depicted as a woman, coloured white (denoting Her cleansing and purifying qualities), crowned and seated on Her vahana, a makara. In Her right hand She holds a lotus, in Her left a lute.
Male Associates: sons, the eight Vasus, (seven of whom She drowned at birth only Bhisma, the eighth being preserved), by consort, Santanu. Skanda-Karttikeya, the god of war, is sometimes said to be Her son by Agni, god of fire, or She is his foster-Mother. Sometimes Varuna is Her consort.

Source: Stutley HDH 45, 93-4, 123, 144, 281.
Abhraganga, Celestial-Ganga.


Geography/Culture: Hindustani.

Source: Stutley HDH 93.
Krttika, ----.

Geography/Culture: Hindustani.
Description: Goddess of the Northward equinox.
To Whom Sacred: flame; sword; the constellation Krttikas (ie. the Pleiades).

Source: HDH/152, 201.
Krittikas, ----.

Geography/Culture: Hindustani.
Description: By some accounts the six Krttikas, ----, are the foster-mothers of Skanda after finding him where Ganga, Swift-Goer, had hidden him among the rushes on Her banks.
To Whom Sacred: the constellation Krttaka; the northward equinox (which is associated with the rise of the constellation) .
Male Associate: They are associated with Agni in various rather esoteric ways, and also with Skanda-Kartikeya, Attacker----, the war God, who obtained his matronymic from Them.

Source: Stutley HDH/152, 201, 281.
Svaha, ----.

Geography/Culture: Hindustani.
Description: She is the ritual call made when offering oblations; She to Whom women pray when desirous of offspring.
Male Associates: consort Agni. Sons, Pavarka, Pavamana, and Suci.

Source: Stutley HDH 6, 144, 293.
Swaha, ----.

Geography/Culture: Hindustani.
Linguistic Note: a rather unlikely Hindustani name (I don't remember ever having seen a 'w' in a Sanskrit word before), which I haven't found other than in NLEM so perhaps a typo for Svaha, or perhaps from a transcription convention I have't met with before.
Male Associates: She visited Agni, (god of fire), in a different guise for six nights. Son Karttikeya, god of war. She is the Daughter of a sage.
{and see also HDH Skanda p 281-282.}
Source: NLEM 377.
worked on: June 9, 1990; August 6, 1991; May, June 1995.
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