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Anahita, Immaculate-One.
Alternate meanings: Blameless.
[to Whom the second day of December, day 336, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Her worship was introduced to Persia {fron where? and was She known by this name there?} by Artaxerxes II (404-362 BC), who built for Her altars and set up Her statues in Babylon, Susa, Ekbatana, Persepolis, Baktra, Damaskos and Sardes. Zorastrian, Goddess of the Avesta. Armenia: Sanctuary at Erez in Akilisene. Perhaps Her worship spread from Assyria. Widely worshipped in the Achaemenid empire.
Description: Virgin, wanton, Motherly Goddess of Earth, water, weather, fecundity, procreation and war; Personification of the reproductive energies of Nature; She Who multiples herds and wealth; She may be invoked by marriageable girls, and by women at the time of childbirth; She Who brings easy child-birth and bestows ample milk to women; Purifier of the seed of men; Bestower of victory; She Whose chariot is drawn by the four white horses 'Wind', 'Rain', 'Clouds' and 'Hail'; Mother of all wisdom; Queen; Benefactress of humanity.
To Whom Sacred: bull; otter; white-horse; the number 30 (the number of otter-skins She wears); gold; the planet Venus (which She personifies, and which was perhaps called Anahita); a supernatural spring (located in the region of the stars from which flow all rivers of the world); sacred-marriage ritual; temple prostitution -- by high-born women before marriage (the union of sexes at Her sanctuary and in Her name, by re-enacting the divine marriage -- perhaps every woman symbolized Herself -- ensured fruitfulness of the soil, increase of humanity and live-stock).
Iconography: She is described as a beautiful Maiden, powerful and tall, Her girdle fastened high, wrapped in a gold-embroidered cloak, wearing earrings, necklace, crown of gold, adorned with thirty otter-skins.
Male Associate: Mithra, he may also have been Her consort.

Source: EAv21/629d; GM.RG/371; HG.RP/156-8; M.AE/45; MGv3/341; NLEM/311; WG.RG/371.
Ana-Hid, ----.

Geography/Culture: Persian.
Description: They called the planet Venus, Ana-Hid, ----, after Her.
To Whom Sacred: Temple prostitution.

Source: MGv3/341; WG.RG/371.
Anaitis, {Blameless-One}.
Alternate meanings: Heavenly-Queen.

Geography/Culture: Greek: Lydian, Thracian.
Linguistic Note: This may be simply a Hellenization of the Anahita, Immaculate-One, (original language uncertain) but the following is of interest -- the Greek word alpha-nu-alpha-iota-tau-iota-omikron-sigma, (anaitios), means 'guiltless, blameless', and seems to match 'immaculate' as a translation of Anahita.

Source: HG.156-8; NLEM/313
worked on: October, September 1995; August 1991: July 1990.
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