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Alternate meaning: Ancestress.
[to Whom the twenty-seventh day of July, day 208, is dedicated]
Geography/Culture: America, North: Aztec.
Description: Great Mother Goddess of the moon, earth and death; She Who is venerated as a great green frog.
To Whom Sacred: bags of green-paper ); shells; frog; eagle-feathers; the colour white.
Festival: The Winter solstice was celebrated as a festival of Tonantzin. On the following day men struck women with bags of green paper (it is unclear if the bags were made of green paper and filled with something, or whether the bags were made of who-knows-what filled with green paper!
Male Associates: She came to the mortal Juan Diego to remind Her people, through him, that She still walked the hills of Her people. (It was as a result of this vision that Tonantzin became Christianized as Our-Lady-of-Guadalupe).
Geography/Culture: America, North: Mexico and California.
Linguistic Note: See Lady and general observations concerning Our-Lady-of..., in the Glossary. Guadalupe is a place-name in Mexico. Probably designated by Spanish settlers (rather than a Spanishization of a Nahuatl, or other original Indian place-name). However, since Spanish guardañar means 'scythe', I've wondered if the name might contain a reference to the flint-knife of Coatlique.
Description: She Who is the Matron saint of California.
To Whom Sacred: red roses (in San Franciscan California processions on Her feast day everyone brings and carries a red rose).
Festivals: The feast day of Our Lady of Guadelupe is December 12th.
Geography/Culture: America, North: Aztec. Her shrine, called Tocititlan, 'Place of the Goddess Toci', or perhaps 'Shrine of the women', is located in Mexico City beneath the thoroughfare at a corner of San Miguel Square.
Description: Goddess of earth, spinning, weaving and sweeping; Mother of the Gods; Heart of the earth; She Who, when She so desires, makes the earth tremble.
To Whom Sacred: maguey plant; cotton; earth, especially the ritual of placing a finger on the earth and then licking the earth from the finger; spindle; shield; broom; bones; the colours black and white; the number 7; human skin (symbolizing a renewal of vegetation) and blood (symbol of fertility).
Iconography: She is presented as an old woman; above the nose Her face is white, from the nose down, black. She wears a crown or garland of cotton on both sides of which are set spindle whorls with bunches of spun cotton, the ends of each are hung with bundles of carded cotton. On the nape of Her neck She wears a plumage of yellow feathers. Her skirt and short blouse fringed with unspun cotton, are white. In one hand She carries a shield in the other a broom.
Festivals: September 16 -- Ochpaniztli, 'Day of sweeping', feast and sacrifice in honour of Toci.