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Bellona, `Lady-of-War'.
Alternatemeaning: `War-Queen'.
[to Whom the sixteenth day of April, day 106, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Roman.
Linguistic notes: Perhaps from Latin, bellum, `war'. Perhaps, like Sumerian Belili Her name is ultimately related to Slavic beli, white, and that to Latin bellus, `beautiful'. The Goidelic bile, means sacred tree; Mediaeval Latin billa and bil-lus, branch, trunk of tree. Related English words: belicose, belligerent, billet.
Description: Warrior Goddess of battles and wars.
To Whom is sacred: {deadly-nightshade atropa belladonna}.
Icon: with helmet, shield and spear.
Festival: June 3rd.
Male associate: brother/consort/son or friend, Mars, or Quirinus (which is also a surname of Mars). Sometimes She is called his Daughter.

Source: GRA.WG/73; H,g. HCM/50; Kravitz WWGRM.
Enyo, `Warrior'.
]NYO Alternatemeaning: `Horror'.

Geography/Culture: Greek.
Etymology: \greek}Enu^^w^'. Enyo is probably a dimunition of Mah Enyo (see below Ma-Enyo) Who was also probably called Ma since the Romans identified Ma with Bellona.
Goddess of war and waster of cities; She Who always dresses in yellow.
Male associate: She sometimes accompanied Ares into battle. Also associated with Deimos and Phobos.

Source: Monaghan BGH 122; PCMD.
Ma, Mother.

Geography/Culture: Asia Minor. [Cappadocian]. Introduced into Rome 85 BC by Sulla.
Goddess of fruitfulness.

Source: NLEM/220.
Ma-Enyo, {Mother-Warrior}.

Geography/Culture: Asia-minor. Cappadocia.
She had a great temple at Comana, with periodic festivals, sacred prostitutes and temple attendants of great renown in the ancient world. Cappadocian Ma was introduced into Rome 85 BC by Sulla.
Description: Great nature Goddess; Great Mother.
Probably Mother Goddess of the Hittites {Wurusemu?}.
To whom are sacred: Hieroduli (temple servants -- She had thousands of them).

Mah, Great-Goddess.
Alternatemeaning: Mother.

Geography/Culture: Hittite, Cappadocian.
Decription: Great Goddess; Presider over procreation and childbirth; Determiner of destinies; She Who ensures the regeneration of nature by awakening the sexual energies in spring: Goddess of war (Defender of Her people).
In Mazdaism, Mah, the Moon, (perhaps male) is an assistant of Vohu Manah, and presides over the phases of time and the movements of waters (tides).

Sources: BGH/45; HDH/186; LWM/192; MAW.SNK/122; T.THG/274, 286; GRARE/9. Sources: H,G.HCM/50; PCMD.

Compiler's Notes: I have yet to unravel the confusion of Ma, Mah, Ma-Enyo, and Mah-Enyo. Perhaps the benevolent Ma, as Goddess of fruitfulness and childbirth, associated with Sumerian Aruru, and perhaps a title of Hers, became belligerent; took up battle in defense of Her people, and was then surnamed Enyo, (which is Greek at least, apparently means Warrior.
I wish I was linguist enough that I might peruse the etymological dictionaries of a particular culture's language. Is there a real relationship between war and beauty -- certainly between love and war, but is love, beauty? The difference between suffixes tantalises. If bell is isolated -- relating itself thereby to "the bell that tolls", "la belle dame sans merci", the bell shape of a flower, and so on, and -ona means, as according to Graves it does, 'Queen', then, plus 'bell' interpreted generously, Bellona could be translated as `Beautiful-queen', and that meaning has to remain potential even when recognising the suffix -adon (in the variant Belladona) as possibly meaning 'Our-teacher', as in the Welsh word 'Don', who could be a teacher of the beauty of art, in this case the art of bellum, conceived of as the art of killing? Billets of wood (in the form of substantial branches, and later enhancements) encouraging the belting of skulls in an, enviably, increasingly sophisticated manner. And still it seems possible to read: Profoundly-sorrowful-bread-baker.
In such folk-literate manner, I offer deadly nightshade, as an appropriately sacred plant for Her, Bellona, Lady-of-War, loosely understanding the Latin Atropos Bella-donna to mean the old wise woman who cuts life off. FW.

worked on: September, May 1995; August 1991; July 1990.
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