return to Home Page
or move on to Goddess Jubchas-Guaya, next chronologically,
or use Her Cyclopedia Index

Juno, {Shining-One}.
Alternate meaning: Divine-Queen.
[to Whom the fourteenth day of February, day 044, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Etruscan > Roman.
She had a temple on the Esquiline as early as 735 BC.
Linguistic Note: This is the Anglecised version of the Latin Iuno. Usually taken as a short from of jovino, answering to jovis, from a root div, 'shining'. {feminine of iuvenis}. Related English words: June, junoesque, junonian, junonical.
Description: Queen of the Deities; Goddess of the new moon, and the lunar measurement of time; She of stately bearing and imposing beauty; Ruler of the multiplication of species and of the reproductive life of women; She Who, as the divine protective Spirit of sexual powers and activities, inhabits every woman as her own personal Juno; She Who is the Female Principle, the Essence of Feminity, the Essence of Life; Protectress of marriage, children and family life; Protectress of cities and their womenfolk; She Who is in sole charge of women's affairs; Eponym of the month June in the Western calendar; Granter of conception; She Who stands for Matter as nature and Nature as matter; Hurler of thunderbolts; She Who is called "the Auspicious".
To Whom Sacred: 'Juno's rose', (the white lily lilium candidum); {'Juno's tears', (vervain)}; fig-tree (caprificus); geese (geese had something to do with Her epithet Moneta therefore perhaps more appropriate as Moneta's sacred animal)); snake; peacock (an effect of Her associattion with Hera); cowrie-shell (since cowries were used as money by some people, perhaps the shell is more appropriate as sacred to Moneta); veil; spear and shield; golden sceptre; patera; thunder-bolt; the month of June, (the propitious time for marriages); worship on the day of the new moon (for which kalends, ie the first of each month became a convention when the calendar was made solar); flaminica (Her high priestess); {the third of the asteroids which is named after Her; the northern solstice (because it occurs in Her month)}.
Festivals: July 07 -- Nonae Caprotinae, when serving girls staged mock fights under a wild fig tree; March 01 (Roman New Year) -- the Matronalia, when married women demanded money from their husbands to offer to the Goddess of womanhood {does the use of money make this an appropriate festival for Moneta?}; The Miraculous Conception of Mars, March 25, (adopted by the Catholic church as The Annuciation, (also called Lady Day). Every fifth year {but when does the cycle begin?}, sixteen women weave a veil for Juno and establish Junonian games.
Male Associates: son, Mars, ----, virgin born from impregnation by eating (or touching) a lily; later he was said to have been fathered by Her consort/brother, Jupiter. The male equivalent to women's personal Juno is men's Genius
It has been suggested that the original Capitoline Triad was composed of:
the Maiden Juventas the Mother Juno the Crone Minerva
Source: ADEL; CEOED; Colom MW 135; Graves KJ 5; Graves GMv2 88; Graves WG 361; Kravitz WWGRM 134; Monaghan BGH 162-3; NLEM 203-4, 207; Richardson ETAC; Rose HGM 102, 107, 320, 323; Skeats EDEL 328; Walker WEMS 306, 461,481, 484-5.
Augusta, {Majestic-One}.

Geography/Culture: Roman.
Linguistic Note: related English words: august (which originally meant a person filled with the spirit of the Goddess), August, perhaps augury.
Description: Goddess of prophesy; Eponym of the month August. Source: Walker WEMS.
Cinxia, {Gaurdian-of-the-Knot}.

Geography/Culture: Roman.
Linguistic Note: Spanish cincha, 'girdle', from Latin cingula, from cingere, 'to gird'. Related English word: cinch.
Description: Goddess of marriage and the bride's first undressing; She Who oversees the unknotting of the girdle.
Marriage is still called "tying the knot" because it used to be viewed as a binding together of two life-threads by the Goddess.
To Whom Sacred: the Herculean-knot (the knot in the bride's girdle which the bridegroom must untie; the Romans derived this tradition from the Etruscans). Source: Graves GMv2 88; Monaghan BGH 162; Walker WEMS.
Curritis, ----.

Geography/Culture: Italy: Etruria (43n x 12e), especially Falerii. A statue of Juno-Curritis was brought to Rome after the destruction of Falerii in 241 BC. Source: Richardson ETAC.
Moneta, She-Who-Warns.

Alternate meanings: She-Who-Reminds, She-Who-Gives-Fair-Warning.
Geography/Culture: Roman.
Linguistic Note: because Her temple housed the Roman mint, Her name came to mean 'Money'. Latin from monere, 'to advise, warn'. Related words: money, mint; monition, monitor; admonish; monster, monstrous; monument, monumental; muster; demonstrate; premonition.
Description: Goddess of {finance and} good counsel; Advisor of those contemplating marriage; She Who warns women of bad marriages; She Who warns of approaching danger; {She Who facilitates the means of exchange between people}.
To Whom Sacred: geese. Source: Monaghan 162; GRARE 8.
Nuxia, ----.

Geography/Culture: Roman.
Description: Goddess of nuptials; She Who coats the doorposts of the marriage chamber with perfume.
Source: New Larousse EM 203.
Populonia, ----.

Linguistic Note: Related English words: populous, population, etc.
Description: Goddess of conception; {She Who concerns Herself with the appropriate relationship between human birth-rate and the environment; She Who is deeply interested in issues of contraception, abortion, even child-sacrifice}.
Source:Monaghan BGH 162.
Pronuba, ----.

Description: Goddess of marriage; She Who arranges appropriate marriages. Source: Monaghan BGH 162
Regina, Queen.

Geography/Culture: Roman. There was a temple to Juno-Regina on the Aventine, begun 396 BCE, to which Her image was brought from Etruscan Veii.
Source: GRARE 15, 38.
Saturnia, ----.

Geography/Culture: Italy: Roman.
Description: Goddess of time, especially the menstual cycle as time's indicator; Goddess of fertility and erotic love.
To Whom Sacred: goat; fig (caprificus).
Festival: Nonae Caprotinae, July 07. Serving girls staged mock fights under a wild fig-tree.
Male Associates: Her father is Saturn.
Sororia, {She-of-the-Sisterhood}.

Geography/Culture: Roman.
Linguistic Note: related English word: sorority.
Description: Her rituals, which may have been purificatory, were in the hands of the Horatii.
Source: EB Juno.
Sospita, The-Preserver.

Geography/Culture: Roman. Lanuvium.
Description: Juno Seispitei Matri Reginae ("Juno the Preserver Queen of Mothers"); Goddess of labour and delivery; Answerer of prayers; Saviour of women in all their perils; Protectress of confinements; She Who is incarnate in the Fighting Spirit of a mother defending her offspring.
Later She became; Saviour of the state; Liberator.
To Whom Sacred: snake (Her temple was guarded by a snake to which cakes were offered every year by a maiden: if accepted she was a virgin and all would be well, if refused a year of sterility was to be feared); spear and shield (usually peaceable, Juno is sometimes shown armed where She has become the chief Deity of a warlike community). Source: EB Juno.
worked on: June 1990; July, August 1990; August 1991; June 1995
Return to the top of this document.