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Astart, Conceiving-Womb.
Alternate meanings: Womb, That-Which-Issues-from-the-Womb,
She-of-the-Womb, The-Inducer, {Conceiver}.
[to Whom the tenth day of December, day 344, is dedicated]

Geography/Culture: Syro-Palestinian. Semitic: Syria. She had temples at Sidon (by the 4th c. BC. She had replaced Asherah as the Chief Goddess) and Tyre, from whence Her worship was transplanted to Carthage; Palestine, Solomon built a high place for Her in Jerusalem; Egypt, temple at Memphis; Phonecia; Philistine. As sea Goddess She had temples all along the Palestinian coast.
Description: Great Goddess of fertile abundance, sexuality, love, reproduction, fertility magic, {perhaps the moon}, the sea, the sky and immortality; Lady of Heaven; Most beautiful of heavenly bodies; She Who conceives but does not bear; Symbol of female fertility; Matron of the hunt; {perhaps also Goddess of war}.
Perhaps originally a Goddess of sheep.
The kings of Sidon were Her priests and their consorts Her priestesses.
She was adopted in Egypt as Goddess of war: She Who is clad in terror; Mistress of Horses; Mother of humanity; Shield of the Pharoah.
By the 18th Dynasty She had become also a Goddess of healing.
To Whom Sacred: lily; alder (used in rites for Astart and Her son); (in Egypt -- date-palm); snake; sheep; Astart's of the flock (ie lambs); gazelle (or antelope); lionness; horse; dove; the planet Venus; full moon and crescent (possibly a misinterpretation of Isis' sundisk and cows-horns).
Iconography: She is sometimes horned, which may signify the moon, but more probably rams horns. Plaques of clay, generally oval, bearing the impress (from a pottery or metal mold) of a nude figure, arms often upraised, grasping lily stalks, or snakes, or both. Head adorned with two spiral hathor ringlets, or She wears a Philistine helmet. Sometimes arms hanging down, or with hands clasped beneath Her protruding navel. Often portrayed with the head of a lionness surmounted by the sun disk. She stood on a chariot drawn by four horses. Sometimes protrayed as armed with shield and club, riding a horse.
Male Associates: consort, Il, {Lord}, (obviously a variant of El); son, the god of fire.

Source: Encyc Brit:Astarte; Graves WG 59 (and more); Mercatante WWEM 15, 59; Patai HG 19-20, 42-51; New Larousse EM 60, 76; PCMD.
Andromeda, Ruler-of-Men.
Alternate meaning: Human-Sacrifice.

Geography/Culture: Philistine, Greek.
Description: Goddess of sea-shore rocks and cliffs, the sea itself and perhaps, the moon under seige by the demon of darkness; Ancestress of the Persidae at Tiryns in Argos; She Who gives Herself in sacrifice for Her people.
To Whom Sacred: rock (or sea-cliff) to which She was chained); jewels; chain; the constellation Andromeda.
Male Associates: consort (and rescuer), Perseus, Destroyer; sons Alcaeus, Mighty-One, Electryon, Beaming, Heleus, The-Sun, Mestor, `Counsellor', Perses, Destroyer and Sthenelus, Strong-Forcer-Back.

Source: Encyc Brit:Andromeda; Graves GMv1 244; ibed GMv2 174, 244, index; Walker WEMS 35; Kravitz WWGRM 24.
Ashtar, ----.

Geography/Culture: Moabite. Mentioned on Moabite stone ca. 830 BC.
Linguistic Note: the absence of the feminine termination occurs similarly in Ishtar. The old South Arabian phonetic equivalent 'Athtar' is, however, a male deity.
Male Associate: consort Chemosh, ----.

Ashtoreth, ----.

Geography/Culture: The town Ashtoreth-Karnim (or Ashtoresth-Qarnaim), ', in Gilead, is named after Her.
Linguistic Note: Ashtoroth, (some say Ashtaroth), is the plural of Ashtoreth. It is said that the vocalization suggests {Hebraic?} bosheth, shame.

Source: Ency Brit v2 166; Graves GMv1 80; Patai HG 42-51.
Cassiopeia, Cassia-Juice.

Geography/Culture: Greek?
Description: She Whose boast that She and Her Daughters were fairer than the Nereides, Wet-Ones, provoked Poseidon, ----, to send a sea-monster, to ravage the coast of Ethiopia. It was to this monster that Andromeda, Ruler-of-Men, was offered as propitiary sacrifice.
To Whom Sacred: the constellation Cassiopeia.
Male Associates: consort Cepheus, Gardener, Ethiopian king of Joppa. Son, Atymnius, Insatiate-of-Heroic-Praise by Zeus.

Source: Kravitz WWGRM 24, 53.
Hesione, Queen-of-Asia.

Geography/Culture: Troy.
Linguistic Note: see Anna linguistic notes concerning the element -one. Thus one is left with the element hesi-, which is presumably etymologically related to the word Asia.
Male Associate: She is said to have been rescued from a sea-monster by: Hercules, ----. {Is this a reference to Hercules-Melkarth?}

Source: Vermeule GRARE 9.
worked on: November, September, June 1995; March 1992; August 1991; July, August 1990.
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